Archeological area of Mount Muculufa
The fertility of the soil and strategic location between the coast of the Sicilian hinterland have fostered the birth of civilization in the buterese territory. Since the IInd millennium B.C., the area was dotted with small hut villages, whose livelihood was based on farming and agriculture. One of the most relevant sites from the archaeological point of view is Monte Muculufa, 400 m high above sea level and not far from the left bank of the Salso river. The human settlement, at the rock crest, dating back to 2000 B.C. and includes a small village, a sanctuary and a cemetery with burial caves, carved into the rock. After the prehistoric period, Monte Muculufa was probably busy, between the VIIth and IVth century B.C., a group of farmers, as evidenced by the discovery of a house of the IVth century. Remains of subsequent frequent visits, according to the results of stratigraphic excavations, can be traced back to a period between the IXth and XIIth century. In particular, in addition to several findings in glazed pottery, medieval age, showed the presence of a structure, which, according to some theories, it would be identified with the ancient Saracen fortress of Moclofa or the fortress of Mocluse, mentioned in the chronicles ancient Norman period. However, for the modest remains found on the site, scholars tend to identify, on the summit of Mount Muculufa, a lookout tower rather than a real castle.